Skin care tips to remember at beach

suns cream-1The sea beaches beckon even more invitingly as the days get hotter in May. For Filipinos about to head out to enjoy a day in the sun, dermatologist Dr. Marjorie Aguilar shares some basic tips for skin protection and overall health.

Follow these basic skin care tips

1. Say no to whitening products. These cause thinning of the skin and make the skin more sensitive to sun exposure, causing allergic reactions (rashes and itchiness).

2. Use sunscreen/sunblock. This is a must, especially at the beach! Apply 30 minutes before sun exposure. Reapply every 2 to 5 hours depending on the Sunscreen Protective Factor (SPF). The lower the SPF, the shorter is the time of reapplication.

The sunblock must be water-resistant if you plan to go for a swim. Furthermore, avoid constantly wiping your face when swimming to not rub off the product; remember that “water-resistant” does note mean “wipe-resistant.” Instead, only wipe off the water from your eyes!sea bitch-6

Keep cool

1. Bringing the right accessories to the beach can make a huge difference:

– dark-colored umbrellas and parasols
– wide-brimmed hats
– sunglasses
– light-colored clothes that are made of light fabric such as cotton

2. If possible, seek the shade and stay in cooler places to avoid heat stroke.

5. Always stay hydrated. Drink lots of water—always the best option for your body when you need to add to your daily fluid requirement.

6. During summer (and especially in our country, where temperatures can reach the high 30s or even 40s during the dry season) avoid too much sun exposure between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. if you can.

Choose a good sun protection lotion or cream

It should be a broad-spectrum product, meaning it has both UVA and UVB protection.
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For swimming, the product:
– should be water-resistant
– should be SPF 50 and above to avoid frequent reapplication.

For daily use, at least SPF 30 is enough.

The SPF number tells you how long you can stay out in the sun before burning. If you can stay under the sun for 10 minutes before you start to burn, applying a sunblock with SPF 20 to your skin means you can stay outside for 200 minutes (10 minutes x 20) before you start to burn.

It is also preferable that there is no PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid) included in the ingredients. PABA can cause allergic reactions in some people. There are also studies showing that PABA, with sun exposure, may release free radicals that can cause damage to our DNA.
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Know how to treat sunburn and wounds

Remember: Always bring a first aid kit. There are items in there that will be of use for any minor injuries.

For sunburn, apply a cold compress on the skin immediately upon onset of the usual symptoms (redness, burning or stinging sensation).

Apply corticosteroid cream or lotion three times a day for 3 to 5 days.

If you are allowed to take aspirin, take it (600 mg) every 4 hours in 3 doses for one day, within 24 to 48 hours of sunburn. Aspirin alleviates the pain and prevents further damage of the skin.
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If you have wounds due to stepping on sharp objects, stones, corals or rocks:

– Wash the affected area with soap and water.
– Apply pressure on the area with clean cloth to stop any bleeding.
– Apply antibacterial cream/ointment on the area three times a day for 1 week.
– Cover the area with gauze, Band-Aid or clean cloth.
– Avoid wetting the wound for at least 5-7 days.
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Know what to do for jellyfish stings

– Soak the affected area with vinegar or baking soda solution for a few minutes.
– Take painkillers, like paracetamol and mefenamic acid, every 4 hours as needed.
– For itchiness, take 1 tablet of antihistamine, Cetirizine or Loratadine, once daily for 1 week. If itchiness cannot be alleviated with one tablet, 2 different tablets may be ingested: one in the morning and one in the evening. (NOTE: Loratadine = non-sedating; Cetirizine = sedating).
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Keep in mind that some jellyfish are venomous, and that stings may require immediate medical attention, especially if they cover large areas of the body, or if you experience severe symptoms or a severe allergic reaction.

Source:gmanetwork and other

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